Quick Facts

  • Officially the United States of America
  • Declared independence July 4, 1776 from Great Britain
  • Location:  North America; bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico
  • Area:  3,794,101 sq. miles – third largest country after Russia and Canada
  • Population:  316,668,567 (July 2013)
  • Capital:  Washington, D.C.
  • Climate:  mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River and in the Great Basin of the southwest
  • Terrain:  vast central plain, mountains in the west, hills and low mountains in the east; rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska, volcanic in Hawaii
  • Nationality:  American
  • Ethnic groups:  white 79,96%, black 12,85 %, Asian 4.43%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.97%, Hawaiian and other Pacific islanders 0.18%, Hispanic 15.1 % of total population
  • Language:  English 82.1%  The U.S. has no official language, however 28 of the 50 states has acquired English as their official language.  Hawaiian is the official language of Hawaii
  • Religions:  Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon, Christian, Jewish, others
  • Literacy:  99%  age 15 and over can read and write
  • Economy:  The U.S. has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country:  www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Constitution – based federal republic; strong democratic tradition
  • 50 state and one Federal district, 14 independent areas
  • Chief of State and Head of Government:  President Barack H. Obama, Vice-President Joseph R. Biden

Healthcare Statistics

    • Life expectancy:  78.62 years
    • Health expenditures:  17.9% of GDP
    • Physicians density:  2.67 physicians/1,000 population
    • Hospital bed density:  3 beds/1,000 population
    • HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:  0.6%
    • HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:  1.2 million
    • Maternal mortality rate:  21 deaths/100,000 live births
    • Infant mortality rate:  5.9 deaths/1,000 live births
    • Obesity – adult prevalence rate:  33%
    • Children under the age of 5 underweight:  1.3%
    • In March of 2010 President Obama signed into law the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, a health insurance reform that will extend coverage to an additional 32 million American citizens by 2016, through private health insurance for the general population and Medicaid for the impoverished.
    • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

 

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Field Stories

Translators in the Field: Providing aid in many countries will require translators. Often your group is fortunate to have one or several individuals who speak the native dialect. This is a definite plus. A couple points to be aware of with the use of translators: You may notice, as I often have, when using translators […]

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