Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Republic of Peru
  • Gained independence from Spain on July 28, 1821
  • Location:  western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador
  • Area:  496,225 sq. miles, slightly smaller than the state of Alaska
  • Population:  29,549,517
  • Capital:  Lima 8.769 million
  • Climate:  varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes
  • Terrain:  western coastal plain (costa), high and rugged Andes in center (sierra), eastern lowland jungle of Amazon basin (selva)
  • Nationality:  Peruvian
  • Ethnic groups:  Amerindian 45%, mestizo (mixed Amerindians and white) 37%, white 15%, others
  • Language:  Spanish (official) 84.1%, Quechua (official) 13%, others
  • Religions:  Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, others
  • Literacy:  92.9%  over the age of 15 years can read and write
  • Economy:  Peru is an emerging market – oriented economy characterized by high levels of foreign trade.  The trade and industry exports are centralized in Lima, but the agricultural exports have created development in all regions.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Peru’s government is a constitutional republic
  • Chief of State and Head of Government:  President Ollanta Humala – elected by popular vote

Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy:  72.73 years
  • Health expenditures:  4.6% of GDP
  • Physicians density:  0.92 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density:  1.56 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate :  0.4%
  • Major infectious diseases – degree of risk – high
  • Food or waterborne diseases:  bacterial, hepatitis A and typhoid fever
  • Vectorborne diseases:  dengue fever, malaria and yellow fever
  • Water contact diseases:  leptospirosis
  • Obesity – adult prevalence rate:  16.3%
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 5.4%
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field


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