Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Coopertive Republic of Guyana
  • Gained independence from Great Britain on May 26, 1966
  • Location:  Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela
  • Area:  83,000 sq. miles, slightly smaller than the state of Idaho
  • Climate:  tropical; hot, humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; two rainy seasons (May-Aug) (Nov.-Jan.)
  • Terrain:  mostly rolling highlands; low coastal plain; savanna in south
  • Nationality:  Guyanese
  • Ethnic groups:  East Indian 43.5%, black (African) 30.2%, mixed 16.7%, others
  • Language:  English (official) Amerindian dialects, Creole, others
  • Religions:  Protestant 30.5%, Hindu 28.4%, Roman Catholic 8.1%
  • Population:  741,908
  • Captial:  Georgetown  132,000
  • Literacy:  91.8% of those over 15 years of age have attended school
  • Economy:  Economy is based on agriculture and extractive industries.  Heavily dependent upon the export of sugar, gold, bauxite, shrimp, timber and rice.  Chronic problems include a shortage of skilled labor and a deficient infrastructure.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

 

Government in Power

  • A Republic
  • President:  Donald Ramotar – elected by popular vote
  • Head of Government:  Prime Minister Samuel Hinds – appointed by the President

 

 

Healthcare Statistics

  • Live expectancy:  67.39 years
  • Health expenditures:  6.1% of GDP
  • Physicians density:  0.48 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density:  1.9 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS – adult prevalance rate:  1.2% – second highest rate in South America
  • Major infectious diseases – degree of risk – high
  • Food or waterborne diseases:  bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and typhoid fever
  • Vectorborne diseases:  dengue fever and malaria.  Malaria is a leading cause of death
  • Water contact diseases:  leptospirosis
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight:  10.8%
  • Guyana ranks poorly in regard to basic health indicators.  Health services in the interior lands are primitive to non-existent.
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

 

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