- Gained independence form Spain in 1821 and from the Republic of Central America in 1898
- Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras
- Population 6.1 million
- Capital: San Salvador – 2.8 million people.
- The smallest and most densely populated country in Central America
- Climate: tropical
- Terrain: mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau
- Nationality: Salvadoran
- Ethnic groups: mestizo 90%, white 9%, Amerindian 1%
- Language: Spanish
- Religions: Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%
- Literacy: 81.1% age 15 and over can read and write
- Economy: recent strong economic growth due in part to 16% of GDP coming from money sent back by family members in the United States. 37% live below the poverty line.
- Highest murder rate in Central America largely due to gangs, 34,000 members in gangs. High amounts of cocaine used and shipped from El Salvador.
- Frequent natural disasters have included earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and hurricanes.
- Current weather conditions – www.weather.com
- Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
- Currency exchange rates – www.xe.com
Government in Power
- Chief of State and Head of Government: Presdident Mauricio Funes Cartagena – elected by popular vote
- Life expectancy: 73.4 years
- Health expenditures: 3.9% of GDP
- Physicians density: 1.6/1,000 population
- Hospital bed density: 1.1/1,000 population
- Infant mortality rate: 20.03/1,000 births
- Women average 2.08 children
- HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 0.8%
- Disease risk – HIGH – Prevalent is bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid and dengue fever and leptospirosis
- Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm
Images From the Field
Health education in the field This is a very important topic that I believe is often overlooked on many mission trips! While it’s wonderful to go spend a week doing clinic work, the reality of these mission trips is that it’s a short-term mission trip, and when the week or so is over, clinic ends! […]
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