Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Federative Republic of Brazil
  • Declared independence from Portugal in 1822, but remained a monarchy until 1888
  • Location:  eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean
  • The largest country in South America -5th largest in the world
  • Climate:  mostly tropical with temperate regions in south.  The rain forest has the greatest biological diversity in the world
  • Population:  204+ million
  • Capital:  Brasilia – 3.7 million
  • Largest city:  Sao Paulo  – 20 million
  • 87% of the people live in urban areas
  • Language:  Portuguese
  • Religions:  75% are Roman Catholic
  • Ethnic groups:  50% white, 39% mulatto
  • Literacy:  88% of those age 15 and over can read and write
  • Economy:  7th largest economy in the world.  Despite this strong economy, 26% live below poverty line
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A Federal Republic and founding member of the United Nations.
  • Chief of State and Head of Government:  President Dilma Rousseff
  • The country is divided into 29 states and 1 federal district

Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy:  68 yrs/men, 76 yrs/women
  • The government provides primary health care to citizens and tourists
  • Physicians density:  1.72 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density:  2.4 beds/1,000 population
  • Maternal mortality: 58/1,000 births
  • Infant mortality:  22/1000 births
  • HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:  0.06%
  • Obesity:  highest rate in South America  11.1%
  • Brazil has 40% of all malaria cases in the Americas
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field


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Area Agencies

Field Stories

Communications are obviously a key component in planning a trip and coordinating logistics. Depending on the country, there may be several options available. Several aspects of communication are discussed here to help you along. Cell phones – Cellular phone technology is usually an option in most countries, but varies depending on your type of carrier. To check and see […]

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