Quick Facts

  • Christopher Columbus landed on these islands on his 2nd voyage  in 1493
  • Became an independent state within the British Commonwealth of Nations in 1981
  • Location:  Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east-southeast of Puerto Rico
  • Area:  170 sq. miles – 2.5 times the size of Washington, D.C.
  • Population:  89,018
  • Capital and largest city:  Saint John’s  27,000
  • Climate:  tropical maritime, little seasonal temperature variation
  • Terrain:  mostly low-lying limestone and coral islands, with some higher volcanic areas
  • Nationality:  Antiguan and Barbudan
  • Ethnic groups:  black 91%, mixed 4.4%, white 1.7%
  • Language:  English (official)  Antiguan creole
  • Religions:  Protestant 76.4%, Roman Catholic 10.4%
  • Literacy:  85.8% age 15 and over have completed 5 or more years of schooling
  • Economy:  Tourism dominates the economy accounting for 60% of the GDP and 40% of investment.  The twin islands agricultural production is focused on its domestic market and constrained by limited water supply and a labor shortage stemming from the better wages found in tourism and construction work
  • Natural hazards:  hurricanes and tropical storms.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • The twin islands government is a constitutional monarcy with a parliamentary system of goverment and a Commonwealth realm.  Chief of State:  Queen Elizabeth II – represented by Governor General Louisse Lake-Tack.  Head of Government:  Prime Minister Winston Baldwin Spencer.

Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy:  75.69 years
  • Health expenditures:  5.1% of GDP
  • Physicians density:  0.17 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density:  2.26/1,000 population
  • Infant mortality rate – 20.18/1000 births
  • Maternal mortality rate – 150/100000 births
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

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