- Officially the Italian Republic
- Italy first became a nation state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor Emmanuel II.
- Italy was a charter member of NATO and the EEC.
- Persistent problems include illegal immigration, organized crime, corruption, high unemployment, and low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the prosperous north.
- Land includes the entirety of the Italian Peninsula, Sicily, Sardinia (the two largest islands in the Mediterranean Sea) and many other smaller islands.
- It has been ranked as the world’s 24th most developed country.
- Climate: Predominantly Mediterranean; Alpine in far north; hot, dry in south
- Ethnic groups: Italian (includes small clusters of German, French, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south.
- Languages: Italian (official), German, French, Slovene
- Religions: Christian 80% (mainly Roman Catholic), Muslims (growing)
- Population: 61.26 million
- Major Cities: Rome (capital) 3.357 million, Milan, Naples, Turin, and Palermo
- Literacy Rate: 98.4%
- GDP per capita: $36,267
- Current weather conditions – www.weather.com
- Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
- Currency exchange rates – www.xe.com
Government in Power
Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
- President: Giorgio Napolitano
- Prime Minister: Mario Monti
- Life Expectancy: 81.86 years
- Maternal mortality rate: 5/100,000
- Infant mortality rate: 3.36/1,000
- Physicians density: 4.242/1,000 population
- Tickborne encephalitis (TBE) occurs in warmer months
- Leishmaniasis (cutaneous visceral) is found – an important opportunistic infection in HIV-infected persons
- Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm
Images From the Field
My first medical mission trip: In the following pages I will talk about my experiences on my first trip to Haiti following the devastating earthquake in January 2010. The biggest “first” is it was my first medical trip outside the United States. I had done disaster relief for Hurricane […]
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