Quick Facts

  • Officially known as The Republic of Croatia
  • Gained independence from Yugoslavia on June 25, 1991.  Bitter fighting ensued for 4 years before Serb armies were finally cleared from Croatian lands.
  • Location:  Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Slovenia
  • Area:  21,851 square miles, slightly smaller than the state of West Virginia
  • Population:  4.5 million (estimate
  • Capital and major city:  Zagreb  685,000
  • Climate:  Mediterranean and continental; continental climate predominate with hot summers and cold winters, mild winters, dry summers along coast.
  • Terrain:  geographically diverse; flat plains along Hungarian border, low mountains and highlands near Adriatic coastline and islands
  • Natural hazards:  destructive earthquakes
  • Nationality:  Croats, Croatians
  • Ethnic groups:  Croat 86.6%, Serb 4.5%, other 5.9%
  • Language:  Croatian (official) 96.1%, Serbian 1%, other
  • Religions:  Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian  0.4%
  • Literacy:  98.1% age 15 and over can read and write
  • Economy:  The World Bank expects Croatia to enter a recession in 2012 and has urged the government to cut spending particularly in social programs.  Croatias high foreign debt, anemic export sector, strained state budget and over-reliance on tourism will result in great risk to economic progress.
  • Current weather conditions –  www.weather.com
  • Tips for Travel in country – www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates –  www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • Croatia has a Presidential/parliamentary democracy
  • Chief of State:  President Ivo Josipovic – elected by popular vote
  • Head of Government:  Prime Minister Zoran Milanovic – appointed by the President – usually the leader of the majority party or majority coalition.

Healthcare Statistics

  • Life expectancy:  75.99 years
  • Health expenditure:  7.8% of GDP
  • Physicians density:  2.59 physician/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density:  5.49 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:  less than 0.1%
  • Major infectious diseases:  degree of risk is intermediate
  • Food or waterborne diseases:  bacterial diarrhea
  • Vectorborne diseases:  tickborne encephalitis
  • High pathogenic H5N1 avain influenza has been identified in this country, but poses negligible risk to U.S. citizens
  • Obesity:  adult prevalence rate – 22.3%
  • Croatia has a universal health care system
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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Area Agencies

Field Stories

Translators in the Field: Providing aid in many countries will require translators. Often your group is fortunate to have one or several individuals who speak the native dialect. This is a definite plus. A couple points to be aware of with the use of translators: You may notice, as I often have, when using translators […]


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