Quick Facts

  • Officially known as Kingdom of Bhutan
  • Located in Southern Asia, landlocked between China and India.  Half the size of the state of Indiana -14,824 sq. miles
  • Capital and largest city: Thimphu (pop. 152,000)
  • National language: Bhutanese
  • Major religion: Lamaistic Buddhism
  • Population: 741,919
  • Ethnic groups: Bhote 50%, ethnic Nepalese 35%
  • Literacy rate: 64.9%
  • Terrain: very mountainous with some fertile valleys and savannas
  • Climate: varied – tropical in southern plains, cool winters and hot summers in the central valleys, severe winters and cool summers in the Himalayas
  • Economy: based on agriculture and forestry, which provides the livelihood of 60% of the population
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in power 

  • A constitutional monarchy
  • Chief of state: King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (since 2006)
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay (since 2013)

Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 148/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 35.91/1,000
  • Major infectious diseases risk: high
  • Major infectious diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, dengue fever, malaria
  • Health expenditures: 3.6% GDP
  • Physicians density: 0.26 physicians/1,000 population
  • Hospital bed density: 1.8 beds/1,000 population
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.13%
  • Children under the age of 5 years underweight: 12.8%
  • Life expectancy: 69.51 years
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

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Field Stories

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