- Officially known as the Republic of the Sudan.
- Two different independent countries exist after 2005 peace agreement; North Sudan and South Sudan
- Largest country in Africa
- Rich in natural resources including petroleum
- One of the fastest growing economies in the world
- Capital: Khartoum (pop. 5.129 million)
- Official languages: Arabic, English
- Population: 36,108,853
- Major religion: Islam (Sunni)
- Since 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, violent struggles between multiple militias in the form of guerrilla warfare have killed between 200,000 and 400,000 and displaced around 2.5 million people.
- Darfur; Colin Powell described it as the worst humanitarian crisis of the 21st century….. “Genocide”
- Rebel groups have been known to attach humanitarian workers in addition to killing innocent civilians.
- Population living in poverty: 40% (17% of the population lives on under 1.25/day)
- Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
- Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
- Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com
Government in Power
- A federal republic – ruled by the National Congress Party
- Chief of state and head of government: President Umar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir (since 1993) – elected by popular vote
- Life expectancy: 63.68 years
- Physician density: 0.28/1,000
- Maternal mortality rate: 311/100,000
- Infant mortality rate: 51.52/1,000
- Health expenditures: 6.5% GDP
- Hospital bed density: 0.8/1,000
- HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.25%
- Infectious disease risk: high
- Infectious diseases: hepatitis A and E, typhoid fever, bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, malaria, dengue fever, Rift Valley fever, schistosomiasis, meningococcal meningitis, rabies, avian influenza
- The worsening humanitarian crisis and unpredictable population movements constitute major challenges to the already weak health system according to the World Health Organization.
- Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm
Images From the Field
Flexibility, Adaptability, Patience and Enthusiasm All of the above traits are very important on relief trips! I believe that each warrants a word when it comes to relief work. Flexibility – Be very flexible with your expectations. Despite a given itinerary, on some trips the plan changes as soon as you land. Timelines often fall apart […]
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