Quick Facts

  • Officially the Somali Republic
  • Independence: 1960 (from Britain/Italy)
  • Since civil war in 1991, no centralized government control over most of the country.
  • Economy: based on livestock, money transfer companies, telecommunications
  • Capital: Mogadishu (pop. 2.138 million)
  • Population: 10,616,380
  • Official languages: Somali and Arabic
  • Divided into eighteen regions
  • Climate: equatorial with hot conditions year round
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Literacy rate: 37.8%
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • In the process of building a federal parliamentary republic
  • Chief of state: President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud (since 2012)
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke (since 2014)

Healthcare Statistics

  • Infant mortality rate: 98.39/1,000 births
  • Maternal mortality rate: 732/100,000
  • Life expectancy: 51.96 years
  • Physicians density: 0.04/1,000 births
  • Obesity: 3.9%
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 32.8%
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.55%
  • Infectious disease risk: very high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, typhoid fever, hepatitis A and E, dengue fever, malaria, Rift Valley fever, schistosomiasis, rabies
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

 

Area Agencies

Field Stories

Communications are obviously a key component in planning a trip and coordinating logistics. Depending on the country, there may be several options available. Several aspects of communication are discussed here to help you along. Cell phones – Cellular phone technology is usually an option in most countries, but varies depending on your type of carrier. To check and see […]

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