Quick Facts

  • Officially known as the Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Oldest independent country in Africa
  • Capital city: Addis Asaba (pop. 2.328 million)
  • Climate and terrain: Home to numerous waterfalls, volcanic hot springs, a large number of rivers and the hottest place on earth in Dollol. Tropical monsoon type environment.
  • Population: 99,465,819 (secondmost populous nation in Africa)
  • Divided into 13 provinces
  • Economy: based largely on agriculture, exports more coffee than any country in the world; one of the fastest growing economies in the world
  • Official language: Amharic (English widely spoken as well)
  • Major religions: Islam and Christianity
  • Literacy rate: 49.1%
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • A federal parliamentary republic
  • Chief of state: President Mulatu Teshome Wirtu (since 2013) – elected by both chambers of parliament
  • Head of government: Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn (since 2012) – designated by the party in power following the legislative election

Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 353/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 53.37/1,000 births
  • Life expectancy: 61.48 years
  • Health expenditures: 5.1% GDP
  • Physician density: 0.03/1,000
  • Hospital bed density: 6.3/1,000
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 1.15%
  • Infectious disease risk: very high
  • Infectious diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, malaria, dengue fever, meningococcal meningitis, rabies, schistosomiasis
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field


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