Quick Facts

  • Official name: State of Eritrea
  • Capital: Asmara (804,000)
  • Population: 6,527,689
  • Independence: 1941 (from Italy), 1993 (from Ethiopia)
  • Official languages: Tigrinya, English, Arabic
  • Poor human rights record as government greatly limits freedom of press, speech, assembly.  Critics to the government often jailed.
  • Divided into six regions
  • Contant tensions and conflict with Ethiopia over borders
  • Economy: based largely on subsistence agriculture
  • Major religions: Christianity and Islam
  • Literacy: 73.8%
  • Climate: hot, dry desert along the coast with cooler and wetter climate inland
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • President Isaias Afworki of the People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (since 1993)

Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 501/100,000
  • Infant mortality rate: 37.53/1,000 births
  • Life expectancy: 63.81 years
  • Total fertility rate: 402 children/woman
  • Health expenditures: 3% GDP
  • Physician density: 0.05/1,000
  • Hospital bed density: 0.7/1,000
  • Children under age 5 underweight: 38.8%
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 0.68%
  • Infectious disease risk: high
  • Infectious diseases: malaria, bacterial diarrhea, typhoid fever, dengue fever, hepatitis A
  • Infectious disease updates:  http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field

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ASM117 - (Hold for story Eritrea-Travel by Jeffrey Gettleman) - Eritreans at an outdoor cafe on Harnet Avenue in Asmara, Eritrea, Friday, October 5, 2007.  (Shawn Baldwin for the New York Times)

Area Agencies

Field Stories

Pharmacy in the FIELD!! This is a very important aspect of field trips. Often times you may be fortunate and have a pharmacist come along on the trip. A couple of pre-trip rules I have learned when it comes to this aspect of the operation… 1. Have someone in charge of pharmacy well before the trip. This person […]


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