Quick Facts

  • Official name: Republic of Cameroon
  • Independence: 1960/1961 (from France/Britain)
  • Area: 475,440 sq. km (slightly larger than California)
  • Climate: tropical along the coast, semiarid and hot in the north
  • Nationality: Cameroonian(s)
  • Official languages: English, French
  • Population: 23,739,218, with 42.78% of the population under the age of 15
  • Literacy rate: 75%
  • Divided into 10 regions, each under elected regional councils
  • Economy: 70% of the population works in agriculture, oil remains Cameroon’s biggest export (40% of export earnings)
  • Religions: Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Muslim 20%
  • Largest cities: Douala (pop. 2.943 million), Yaounde (capital city, pop. 3.066 million)
  • Corruption is widespread
  • Current weather conditions: www.weather.com
  • Tips for travel in country: www.travel.state.gov
  • Currency exchange rates: www.xe.com

Government in Power

  • President Paul Biya of the Cameroon People’s Democratic Party (since 1982)
  • Type of government: multiparty presidential regime

Healthcare Statistics

  • Maternal mortality rate: 596/100,000
  • Overall quality of health care is reported as low.
  • Life expectancy 57.93 years
  • Infant mortality rate: 53.63/1,000 births
  • Total fertility rate: 4.76 children/woman
  • Physician density: 0.08/1,000 people
  • Hospital bed density: 1.3 beds/1,000 people
  • Health expenditures: 5.1% GDP
  • Traditional healers a are popular alternative to western medicine.
  • Children under the age of 5 underweight: 15.1%
  • HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 4.77%
  • Major infectious disease degree of risk: very high
  • Major infectious disease: dengue fever, hepatitis A, meningococcal meningitis, yellow fever, malaria, bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, typhoid fever, schistosomiasis, rabies
  • Infectious disease updates: http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.htm

Images From the Field


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